Early childhood education programs have the role to teach young children up until the age of seven, and they focus on developmental education, which can be seen as the base of compulsory education. Furthermore, infant education is a branch of early childhood education, and it is responsible for educating infants less than 12 months of age.While some people don’t consider these programs as an important step in their kids’ development, there are many parents who have embraced early education and its advantages.
The effectiveness of early education
Although early childhood education programs might seem too harsh for small kids, they are very important when it comes to preparing a child for entering and succeeding in a classroom. Furthermore, there are essential for decreasing the risk of emotional and mental problems, as kids who are used to practicing new skills constantly are more confident and independent than other children. Providing a child with education in his most formative years comes with many advantages. The most important one is that the achievement gap between high-and-low income students is eliminated before formal schooling starts. Studies have shown that children with high socioeconomic status have a better vocabulary than children with low socioeconomic status by the time they are three. Therefore, participation to early childhood education programs has been proven to increase kids’ chances of success, and improve performance on tests, but also to help children develop a strong character.
The five developmental domains of early childhood education
In order to make things more interesting for children, early childhood education focuses on learning through discovery. Furthermore, teachers have the role to exploit each child’s specific interest, because only that way children have the opportunity to obtain the information that can bring a contribution to their individual development. The five developmental domains of early childhood education programs are:
- Physical – children are helped to develop physical and biological functions, such as a better eyesight and improved motor skills.
- Emotional – a child is trained to relate to people and create emotional connections, and he is encouraged to develop self-confidence.
- Social – the programs teach children about the consequences of their acts, and they help them to understand their responsibilities and their rights as members of a community.
- Language – children learn how to communicate their emotions and feelings, and they are encouraged to develop a rich vocabulary.
- Cognitive skills – a child learns how to use its creativity, memory and imagination in order to solve a problem. He also develops the ability to organize information in a way that would help him take great decisions and make good choices.